Estimated Hypertension Prevalence, Treatment, and Control Among U.S. Adults Tables

For more detailed information about the Estimated Hypertension Prevalence, Treatment, and Control Among U.S. Adults, please consult the following tables.

Table 1. Hypertension prevalence and control estimates among US adults aged 18 years and older applying criteria from the American College of Cardiology and American Heart Association’s (ACC/AHA) 2017 Hypertension Clinical Practice Guideline, by sex, age and race/Hispanic origin—NHANES 2013–2016

Table 1
Subgroup Total Population Hypertension Recommended Treatment Uncontrolled
Lifestyle
modification only
Prescription blood pressure
medication and lifestyle
modification*
Among
those with
hypertension
Among those recommended medication and lifestyle modification
N,
millions
% (se) N,
millions
% (se) N,
millions
% (se) N,
millions
% (se) N,
millions
% (se) N, millions
Total 240.5 44.9 (0.7) 108.0 19.5 (1.1) 21.0 80.5 (1.1) 87.0 76.3 (1.2) 82.4 70.5 (1.3) 61.3
  Men 115.8 47.1 (1.1) 54.5 21.8 (1.5) 11.9 78.2 (1.5) 42.6 79.4 (1.3) 43.3 73.7 (1.5) 31.4
  Women 124.7 42.9 (0.9) 53.4 17.0 (1.2) 9.1 83.0 (1.2) 44.3 72.9 (1.6) 39.0 67.4 (1.6) 29.9
Age Group, years                                
  18–44 112.9 22.6 (0.9) 25.5 45.7 (2.4) 11.6 54.3 (2.4) 13.8 86.7 (1.3) 22.1 75.6 (2.1) 10.5
  45–64 82.6 56.8 (1.3) 46.9 20.2 (1.3) 9.5 79.8 (1.3) 37.5 74.3 (1.8) 34.9 67.8 (2.1) 25.4
  ≥65 44.9 76.7 (1.5) 34.4 0.0 (0.0) 0.0 100.0 (0.0) 34.4 71.5 (1.8) 24.6 71.5 (1.8) 24.6
Race/Hispanic Origin                                
  NH White 156.7 46.1 (1.0) 72.3 17.9 (1.2) 13.0 82.1 (1.2) 59.4 74.0 (1.7) 53.5 68.3 (1.9) 40.5
  NH Black 28.0 54.0 (1.0) 15.1 18.4 (1.3) 2.8 81.6 (1.3) 12.3 79.4 (1.4) 12.0 74.7 (1.7) 9.2
  NH Asian 13.0 39.2 (1.9) 5.1 25.9 (3.2) 1.3 74.1 (3.2) 3.8 86.3 (1.7) 4.4 81.5 (2.1) 3.1
  Hispanic 36.6 35.6 (1.2) 13.0 26.0 (2.4) 3.4 74.0 (2.4) 9.6 81.6 (1.4) 10.6 75.1 (1.7) 7.2
  Other 6.0 43.3 (3.9) 2.6 22.1 (4.4) 0.6 77.9 (4.4) 2.0 76.7 (3.8) 2.0 70.1 (4.8) 1.4

Data Source: National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES), 2013–2016.

Definitions: ACC/AHA criteria adapted from Ritchey MD, Gillespie C, Wozniak G, Shay CM, Thompson-Paul AM, Loustalot F, et al. Potential need for expanded pharmacologic treatment and lifestyle modification services under the 2017 ACC/AHA Hypertension Guideline. J Clin Hypertens. 2018 Oct;20(10): 1377–91.

Abbreviation: NH, non-Hispanic.

*ACC/AHA 2017 Hypertension Guideline recommends the addition of lifestyle modifications when prescription medication treatment is indicated.

†Blood pressure ≥130/80 mm Hg; all adults recommended lifestyle modifications only are considered uncontrolled as their blood pressure is above the threshold.

Note: Values may not add up to totals due to rounding.


Table 2. Treatment estimates among US adults aged 18 years and older with uncontrolled hypertension* recommended blood pressure medication use applying criteria from the American College of Cardiology and American Heart Association’s (ACC/AHA) 2017 Hypertension Clinical Practice Guideline, by sex, age and race/Hispanic origin—NHANES 2013–2016

Table 2
Subgroup Total Population with
Uncontrolled Hypertension
Recommended Medication
Recommended Medication,
but Untreated
Treated with Medication,
but Uncontrolled
Overall Prevalence Subset with a Blood Pressure of
≥140/90 mmHg
Overall Prevalence Subset with a Blood Pressure of ≥140/90 mmHg
N, millions % (se) N, millions % (se) N, millions % (se) N, millions % (se) N, millions
Total 61.3 49.1 (1.5) 30.1 64.2 (2.2) 19.3 50.9 (1.5) 31.2 55.7 (2.2) 17.4
  Men 31.4 55.2 (1.8) 17.3 65.1 (2.2) 11.3 44.8 (1.8) 14.1 54.5 (3.7) 7.7
  Women 29.9 42.4 (1.9) 12.7 62.9 (3.1) 8.0 57.6 (1.9) 17.2 56.7 (2.7) 9.8
Age Group                          
  18–44 10.5 68.9 (2.9) 7.2 69.1 (3.3) 5.0 31.1 (2.9) 3.3 49.4 (4.7) 1.6
  45–64 25.4 50.5 (2.2) 12.8 66.8 (2.9) 8.6 49.5 (2.2) 12.6 49.1 (3.4) 6.2
  ≥65 24.6 39.6 (2.0) 9.7 57.3 (2.5) 5.6 60.4 (2.0) 14.9 62.6 (2.6) 9.3
Race/Hispanic Origin                          
  NH White 40.5 48.7 (2.2) 19.7 63.2 (3.4) 12.5 51.3 (2.2) 20.8 53.5 (3.2) 11.1
  NH Black 9.2 41.2 (1.6) 3.8 71.4 (2.5) 2.7 58.8 (1.6) 5.4 61.8 (2.3) 3.3
  NH Asian 3.1 51.2 (3.6) 1.6 66.3 (3.5) 1.1 48.8 (3.6) 1.5 59.2 (4.4) 0.9
  Hispanic 7.2 58.5 (1.9) 4.2 61.1 (2.2) 2.6 41.5 (1.9) 3.0 56.6 (3.2) 1.7
  Other 1.4 53.1 (6.2) 0.7 69.1 (8.9) 0.5 46.9 (6.2) 0.7 64.6 (9.4) 0.4

Data Source: National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES), 2013–2016.

Definitions: ACC/AHA criteria adapted from Ritchey MD, Gillespie C, Wozniak G, Shay CM, Thompson-Paul AM, Loustalot F, et al. Potential need for expanded pharmacologic treatment and lifestyle modification services under the 2017 ACC/AHA Hypertension Guideline. J Clin Hypertens. 2018 Oct;20(10): 1377–91.

Abbreviation: NH, non-Hispanic.

*Blood pressure ≥130/80 mmHg.

Note: Values may not add up to totals due to rounding.

For More Information

For more information, email MillionHearts@cdc.gov.

Page last reviewed: January 21, 2020