Self-Measured Blood Pressure Monitoring
Strong scientific evidence shows that self-measured blood pressure monitoring (SMBP), also known as home blood pressure monitoring, plus clinical support helps people with hypertension lower their blood pressure.
SMBP is the regular measurement of blood pressure by the patient outside the clinical setting, either at home or elsewhere. SMBP requires the use of a home blood pressure measurement device by the patient to measure blood pressure at different points in time.
SMBP plus clinical support can improve access to care and quality of care for individuals with hypertension while making blood pressure control more convenient and accessible across the population. Clinical support includes regular one-on-one counseling, web-based or telephonic support tools, and educational classes.
Self-Measured Blood Pressure Monitoring: Action Steps for Public Health
Strong evidence suggests that SMBP—when combined with regular support from trained health care professionals—is effective in lowering blood pressure among hypertensive patients. This Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) guide outlines action steps that public health practitioners can take to support SMBP.
Self-Measured Blood Pressure Monitoring: Action Steps for Clinicians
SMBP plus additional clinical support is one strategy that can reduce the risk of disability or death from high blood pressure. The purpose of this CDC guide is to help clinicians implement SMBP in their practices by providing evidence-based action steps and resources.
Self-Measured Blood Pressure Monitoring Program: Engaging Patients in Self-Measurement
This program, from the American Medical Association and Johns Hopkins Medicine, is designed for use by physician offices and health centers to engage patients in SMBP. This program describes various ways that the patient can obtain blood pressure measurements outside of the clinical office either through the purchase of a device or a physician-led blood pressure monitor loaner program.
Self-Measured Blood Pressure Monitoring Interactive Infographic for Clinicians
This interactive infographic, from the Office of the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology, can be used to inform health care providers about SMBP, the burden of high blood pressure, and the medical and financial advantages of an SMBP monitoring program.
- U.S. Blood Pressure Validated Device Listingexternal icon
This site provides the latest, validated device listing (VDL) for blood pressure monitors based on the American Medical Association’s (AMA) established criteria to validate clinical accuracy. The AMA enlisted the National Opinion Research Center at the University of Chicago (NORC) to help design and manage an independent process to determine which devices available in the United States meet the VDL criteria.
- How to Use Your Home Blood Pressure Monitorexternal icon
This patient-friendly video from the National Association of Community Health Centers (NACHC) outlines clear instructions for using home blood pressure monitors to measure and track blood pressure. The video is also available in Spanishexternal icon.
- SMBP Training Videoexternal icon
This educational video from the American Medical Association helps train care teams and patients on how to properly measure blood pressure. This video is also available in Spanishexternal icon.
- Self-Measurement: How Patients and Care Teams are Bringing Blood Pressure to Control
This video from the National Association of Community Health Centers (NACHC) showcases several community health centers’ work to implement self-measured blood pressure monitoring (SMBP) programs in their clinics. The video is available for downloadexternal icon.
- Using Self-Measured Blood Pressure (SMBP) to Diagnose and Manage High Blood Pressureexternal icon
This webinar reviews the benefits of using SMBP, illustrates techniques and protocols to help patients self-monitor their blood pressure, and describes how clinicians can set up SMBP programs in their practice.
- Self-Measured Blood Pressure Monitoring to Control Hypertension external icon
This Medscape video highlights ways health care providers can help patients manage hypertension. (To view the video, you may have to register with Medscape.) (Medscape, May 2013)
- Call to Action on Use and Reimbursement for Home Blood Pressure Monitoring: A Joint Scientific Statement From the American Heart Association, American Society of Hypertension, and Preventive Cardiovascular Nurses Association pdf icon[PDF – 468K]external icon
A joint scientific statement from American Heart Association, American Society of Hypertension, and Preventive Cardiovascular Nurses Association encourages increased regular use of SMBP by clinicians for the majority of patients with known or suspected hypertension as a way to increase patients’ engagement and ability to self-manage their condition. (Hypertension, July 2008)
- Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality Self-Measured Blood Pressure Monitoring: Comparative Effectiveness pdf icon[PDF – 1.7M]external icon
A 2012 comparative effectiveness review by the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) examined the effectiveness of SMBP alone compared with SMBP plus additional clinical support and with usual care. AHRQ found that the strength of evidence is high for the effectiveness of SMBP with some form of additional clinical support in lowering blood pressure and improving control among patients with hypertension, compared with usual care. (Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, January 2012)
- The Community Preventive Services Task Force Recommendations on Self-Measured Blood Pressure Monitoring Interventions
The Community Preventive Services Task Force conducted a systematic review evaluating the effectiveness of using SMBP with additional clinical support to manage high blood pressure and SMBP alone. The results of this review demonstrated strong evidence of effectiveness for interventions using SMBP plus additional clinical support to improve high blood pressure outcomes and sufficient evidence of effectiveness for SMBP interventions used alone. Additionally, economic evidence indicates that SMBP monitoring interventions are cost-effective when used with additional patient support or team-based care. (Community Preventive Services Task Force, June 2015)
- U.S. Preventive Services Task Force Final Recommendation Statement for Hypertension in Adults: Screening and Home Monitoringexternal icon
The US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) continues to give screening for high blood pressure in adults aged 18 years and older an “A” recommendation. In the latest recommendation, the USPSTF included additional guidance for obtaining blood pressure measurements away from the clinical setting, such as ambulatory or SMBP to confirm a hypertension diagnosis before starting treatment. (U.S. Preventive Services Task Force, October 2015)
- The 6|18 Initiative: Accelerating Evidence into Action
As of 2015, coverage for SMBP is not universal and varies by state, insurance plans, or is not covered at all. The CDC 6|18 Initiative includes SMBP as one of its evidence-based interventions to control high blood pressure and is partnering with health care purchasers, payers, and providers to promote SMBP as a proposed payer intervention. The Initiative supports providing access for SMBP for home-use and creating individual, provider, and health-system incentives for compliance and meeting goals.
Several Million Hearts® partners have demonstrated success in lowering blood pressure by using SMBP. Read more about how they incorporated SMBP into their practices.
- The Veterans Health Administration in the US Department of Veterans Affairs pdf icon[PDF – 377K]
- ThedaCare—Appleton, Wisconsin pdf icon[PDF – 429K]
- Nilesh V. Patel, MD, FRCS—Audubon, Pennsylvania pdf icon[PDF – 263K]
- Federally Qualified Health Centers (FQHCs) pdf icon[PDF – 102K]
- The Whitney M. Young, Jr. Health Center (WMYHC)—Albany, New York [PDF – 552K]external icon